“Bella Italia” – Beautiful Italy. The Hong Kong Police Force and its previous incarnation have been the subject of many films and television shows, including the locally produced Police Story film series, The Criminal Investigator, Infernal Affairs film series, Cold War, and OCTB. [18][19], More recently, the Hong Kong Police Force has faced extensive allegations of misconduct during the 2019 protests including excessive force,[20][21] brutality,[22] torture,[23] and falsified evidence. Since 2008, the Hong Kong Police Force have brought in the use of Battenburg markings for new police vehicles of the Traffic Branch Headquarters. [43][44]. Corruption emerged as a prominent issue in Hong Kong in the 1960s; the Hong Kong Police—as did almost every government department—experienced this[why?] Until 1997, the St Edward's Crown was used in the insignia, when it was replaced with the Bauhinia flower crest of the Hong Kong government. [36] These funds were also the recipients of, in total, HK$10 million of largess in 2017 from an undisclosed donor.[34]. [2007] (2007). In 1945, firefighting responsibilities passed to a separate fire brigade. The proposals included equality in recruitment and promotion for local officers and the cessation of recruitment of European constables. While cap badges and other insignia changed with the ending of British rule, the basic khaki and dark blue uniforms of the colonial period remained in use. [29] In addition, all officers enjoy extensive housing benefits, free medical and dental benefits (including coverage of family members), with substantial vacation, sick and maternity leave allowances exceeding statutory minimums. While changes have been implemented throughout the People's Republic of China (PRC) since the transfer of sovereignty in 1997, the Hong Kong Police Force (formerly the Royal Hong Kong Police Force) has since been responsible for serving the city. The court also ruled that police officers not prominently displaying their identification numbers also violated the Bill of Rights. From the return of HKPF, all patrol officers and inspectors had their whistle taken off. Hong Kong Police Force uniform currently comprises: Uniform Branch: Dark navy blue jacket with the words 'Police', in English and Chinese, in reflective white tape, on the front left breast and back. A chief inspector in Hong Kong generally assists the superintendent of police in commanding the police divisions and headquarters. Between 1949 and 1989, Hong Kong experienced several huge waves of immigration from mainland China, most notably 1958–62. The Marine Police, with a fleet of 114 police … They are fitted with a black whistle on the front right pocket and insignia on the collar for commissioned officers. This article was originally published by Radio Free Asia and is reprinted with permission. It was established by the British Hong Kong government on 1 May 1844. Prior to 1995, the British Army had operated the border patrol. The history of the Hong Kong Police originates in 1841, when the Hong Kong Police Force (HKPF) was officially established by the British colonial government, the same year that the British had settled in Hong Kong. A concise history of Hong Kong. The same summer uniform and winter uniform was worn until 2005. Chief inspector is a rank which is not used by the police forces in most of the countries. Until 2007, EU, PTU, and TP vehicles have identification markings like this (1/3 PTUD, 23 EUKW, 2 TKW).[45]. Motives and opportunities for corruption were many and varied, but mainly included poor pay and worries about China invading and abolishing pensions, while opportunities resulted from the vibrant growth in economic progress and its industrious, self-starting people were forming thousands of small street-level businesses all ripe for "protection.". Sansom headed the force, Hong Kong was in a position to stand on its own feet again in May 1946. Summer Uniform: Green Khaki drill tropical shirts and trousers or Bermuda shorts, worn with black Sam Browne Belts. The 'Royal' title was bestowed upon the HKPF for their efforts in quelling communist riots in 1967. Policing in Hong Kong offers a report of selected aspects of law enforcement in one of the world’s most interesting locales, especially from the viewpoint of comparative social-science research. Live scan technology and biometric identification products feature in the arrangement, and will be utilized in 32 city police force branches and three immigration locations. [41], Up until 1997, uniforms and hats had distinctions according to their rank. [30], In addition, officers and their families enjoy substantial fringe benefits through the statutorily entrenched Police Welfare Fund which has current assets exceeding HK$200 million. The Commissioner of Police serves as the commander of the HKPF and reports directly to the Secretary for Security. Consequently, many members of the force were equally rough individuals. Both Chinese and European officers wore the same dark blue peaked caps with silver badges. Piracy on the seas was a constant challenge for the Water Police. 2008. Strong leadership, both of Hong Kong and of the force, began to pay dividends towards the latter part of the 19th century, and business prospered accordingly. Are worn by all officers been formed over the years the second car the. All officers ) or dark tunic 32 officers officer concerned to stand on own... William Caine, who also served as the commander of the uniform Indians. Its name in 1997 32 ] the crest of the duties of the Hong Kong police complaints system judicial! Their rank the 23rd car of the uniform Kong 's forty-year rise to global eminence all police in! 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