Article 1189. If either of the contracting parties is unable to produce his baptismal or birth certificate or a certified copy of either because of the destruction or loss of the original, or if it is shown by an affidavit of such party or of any other person that such baptismal or birth certificate has not yet been received though the same has been requested of the person having custody thereof at least fifteen days prior to the date of the application, such party may furnish in lieu thereof his residence certificate for the current year or any previous years, to show the age stated in his application or, in the absence thereof, an instrument drawn up and sworn to before the local civil registrar concerned or any public official authorized to solemnize marriage. (n), Article 1824. Article 1513. (1201), Article 1290. The purchase of jewelry and precious objects is voidable, unless the transaction has been expressly or tacitly approved by the husband, or unless the price paid is from her paraphernal property. (n), Article 1111. Emancipation is final or irrevocable. (373a), SECTION 3Right of Accession with Respect to Movable Property, Article 466. Each generation forms a degree. Article 841. Article 1360. The fruits of the property from the time of the acceptance of the donation, shall pertain to the donee, unless the donor provides otherwise. The future spouses may give each other in their marriage settlements as much as one-fifth of their present property, and with respect to their future property, only in the event of death, to the extent laid down by the provisions of this Code referring to testamentary succession. (1545a), Article 1646. Article 251. Article 660. Consequently: (1) The death of either the bailor or the bailee extinguishes the contract; (2) The bailee can neither lend nor lease the object of the contract to a third person. Article 1983. (623), CHAPTER 2Persons Who May Give or Receive a Donation, Article 735. Article 1984. If legitimate ascendants are left, the illegitimate children shall divide the inheritance with them, taking one-half of the estate, whatever be the number of the ascendants or of the illegitimate children. If cheating or deceit is committed by the winner, he, and subsidiarily the operator or manager of the gambling house, shall pay by way of exemplary damages, not less than the equivalent of the sum lost, in addition to the latter amount. (469), Article 565. The provisions of articles 1733 to 1753 shall apply to the passenger's baggage which is not in his personal custody or in that of his employee. The donee is subrogated to all the rights and actions which in case of eviction would pertain to the donor. If the testator, heir, or legatee owns only a part of, or an interest in the thing bequeathed, the legacy or devise shall be understood limited to such part or interest, unless the testator expressly declares that he gives the thing in its entirety. (1729), Article 1914. (n), Article 824. Article 1390. (1909), Article 2193. (Rule 4), Article 2259. Article 1364. (1134), Article 1203. (1307a). The owner may demand from the person benefited indemnity for the damage to him. (n), SECTION 7Liquidation of the Conjugal Partnership. No other sum shall be collected, in the nature of a fee or tax of any kind, for the issuance of a marriage license. Should the agent have advanced them, the principal must reimburse him therefor, even if the business or undertaking was not successful, provided the agent is free from all fault. The immovable in favor of which the easement is established is called the dominant estate; that which is subject thereto, the servient estate. Article 1892. When the choice has been expressly given to the creditor, the obligation shall cease to be alternative from the day when the selection has been communicated to the debtor. The following shall be the exclusive property of each spouse: (1) That which is brought to the marriage as his or her own; (2) That which each acquires, during the marriage, by lucrative title; (3) That which is acquired by right of redemption or by exchange with other property belonging to only one of the spouses; (4) That which is purchased with exclusive money of the wife or of the husband. (1830a). With regard to the right of the owner to recover personal property lost or of which he has been illegally deprived, as well as with respect to movables acquired in a public sale, fair, or market, or from a merchant's store the provisions of articles 559 and 1505 of this Code shall be observed. (n), Article 1495. The owner or lawful possessor of a thing has the right to exclude any person from the enjoyment and disposal thereof. When a minor between eighteen and twenty-one years of age who has entered into a contract without the consent of the parent or guardian, after the annulment of the contract voluntarily returns the whole thing or price received, notwithstanding the fact that he has not been benefited thereby, there is no right to demand the thing or price thus returned. If the court finds that the petitioner has a right to have the writing executed by a person who refuses to do so, it shall order the Office of the Securities and Exchange Commission where the certificate is recorded, to record the cancellation or amendment of the certificate; and when the certificate is to be amended, the court shall also cause to be filed for record in said office a certified copy of its decree setting forth the amendment. (n), Article 2042. If the owner should make the extraordinary repairs, he shall have a right to demand of the usufructuary the legal interest on the amount expended for the time that the usufruct lasts. Administrative or executive acts, orders and regulations shall be valid only when they are not contrary to the laws or the Constitution. There is no warranty against hidden defects of animals sold at fairs or at public auctions, or of live stock sold as condemned. The depositary is obliged to keep the thing safely and to return it, when required, to the depositor, or to his heirs and successors, or to the person who may have been designated in the contract. (927), Article 976. (1318a), Article 121. Article 1319. If the lessee makes, in good faith, useful improvements which are suitable to the use for which the lease is intended, without altering the form or substance of the property leased, the lessor upon the termination of the lease shall pay the lessee one-half of the value of the improvements at that time. (n), Article 521. An error in the name, surname, or circumstances of the heir shall not vitiate the institution when it is possible, in any other manner, to know with certainty the person instituted. The debtor cannot exempt himself from the performance of the obligation by paying the penalty, save in the case where this right has been expressly reserved for him. Acts merely tolerated, and those executed clandestinely and without the knowledge of the possessor of a thing, or by violence, do not affect possession. The pledgee is bound to advise the pledgor, without delay, of any danger to the thing pledged. The agent may withdraw from the agency by giving due notice to the principal. (1120). (493). Where the goods are of perishable nature, or where the seller expressly reserves the right of resale in case the buyer should make default, or where the buyer has been in default in the payment of the price for an unreasonable time, an unpaid seller having a right of lien or having stopped the goods in transitu may resell the goods. When negligence shows bad faith, the provisions of articles 1171 and 2201, paragraph 2, shall apply. Article 1860. If the original obligation was subject to a suspensive or resolutory condition, the new obligation shall be under the same condition, unless it is otherwise stipulated. A donor or testator may prohibit partition for a period which shall not exceed twenty years. All the owners who participate in the benefits arising from the works referred to in the two preceding articles, shall be obliged to contribute to the expenses of construction in proportion to their respective interests. The owner may withdraw at will from the construction of the work, although it may have been commenced, indemnifying the contractor for all the latter's expenses, work, and the usefulness which the owner may obtain therefrom, and damages. (1160a), Article 1240. Where the buyer is entitled to rescind the sale and elects to do so, if the seller refuses to accept an offer of the buyer to return the goods, the buyer shall thereafter be deemed to hold the goods as bailee for the seller, but subject to a lien to secure the payment of any portion of the price which has been paid, and with the remedies for the enforcement of such lien allowed to an unpaid seller by article 1526. In all cases, the attorney's fees and expenses of litigation must be reasonable. (440), Article 534. Ratification may be effected expressly or tacitly. Article 1738. Grandsons and other direct male descendants shall either: (1) Add a middle name or the mother's surname, or. When, there having been a meeting of the minds of the parties to a contract, their true intention is not expressed in the instrument purporting to embody the agreement, by reason of mistake, fraud, inequitable conduct or accident, one of the parties may ask for the reformation of the instrument to the end that such true intention may be expressed. Article 921. The provisions of article 1602 shall also apply to a contract purporting to be an absolute sale. If there are two or more legitimate children or descendants, the surviving spouse shall be entitled to a portion equal to the legitime of each of the legitimate children or descendants. When the title comprises two or more pieces of land which have been assigned to two or more co-heirs, or when it covers one piece of land which has been divided between two or more co-heirs, the title shall be delivered to the one having the largest interest, and authentic copies of the title shall be furnished to the other co-heirs at the expense of the estate. Although the ownership in the goods has not passed, if they cannot readily be resold for a reasonable price, and if the provisions of article 1596, fourth paragraph, are not applicable, the seller may offer to deliver the goods to the buyer, and, if the buyer refuses to receive them, may notify the buyer that the goods are thereafter held by the seller as bailee for the buyer. The usufructuary shall be entitled to all the natural, industrial and civil fruits of the property in usufruct. Force at the public auction, the child cash or property, but continues until the shall. 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